At CACI Clinic, we understand the emotional toll that persistent acne can take on a person's self-esteem. There are treatments that can help bring acne under control and improve the overall health and appearance of the skin.

It is very important to have consultation with our trained and caring staff to determine the most effective treatment or treatments available for your particular situation, so please come in and see us to discuss what we can do to help improve the acne condition itself and the general appearance of your skin.

What is acne?

Spots, pimples, zits, blemishes—we use these simple descriptions when we are actually talking about acne, which is anything but simple. Acne is the skin condition that results when hair follicles in the skin become blocked with sebum and dead skin cells and this blocked material then discharges into the surrounding tissues causing inflammation, redness, bumps and pimples.

Acne is a skin condition that affects countless numbers of men and women of all ages, usually starting at puberty and sometimes being a problem through to middle age. Acne can be very mild to severe. It is considered to be a medical condition and should be monitored by a doctor in severe cases.

For a person who suffers from acne, it is a frustrating skin condition. It can also be a very emotional situation to deal with. The skin is often greasy, sometimes red or inflamed. Acne can also be painful or itchy. Acne can occur anywhere on the body, but tends to occur in skin that has the greatest density of sebaceous follicles—the face and upper body—so acne is most often a problem on the face, back and chest.

What causes acne?

The sebaceous glands in the dermis layer of the skin are responsible for producing sebum, which is an oily secretion essential to keeping the skin lubricated and coated. Sebum is meant to come to the surface of the skin through the hair follicles, which also sit in the dermis layer. If the hair follicles become blocked with excess sebum and dead skin cells, comedones form into the lumps we first see with acne. Blackheads are comedones that are open to the surface of the skin, and whiteheads are comedones that do not open at the surface but form whitish bumps where material is trapped under the skin.

If the plugged hair follicles rupture inside, the discharge can spread to the tissue surrounding the follicle. Because this material does not belong there, the body reacts with an inflammation of the affected area. This is when acne can develop. It is thought that certain bacteria can cause reactions within the skin during this process to further irritate and inflame.

This situation can become aggravated if the bacterium called Propionibacterium acnes causes inflammation in the hair follicles. Red or yellow pustules can form if this inflammation is near the surface of your skin. If the inflammation is deeper, then nodules or cysts can form at the root of the hair.

What causes the body to produce excess sebum is a topic for debate, but the finger is pointed at hormones, as the onset of acne is often puberty and can also be a problem for women during pregnancy and menopause.


If acne itself isn't enough to contend with, it can sometimes lead to other complications for the skin including scaring when the skin can take on a pitted appearance. Some acne scars may develop into keloid scars, although this is not common.

Hyper pigmentation

The skin may appear darker in colour in areas affected by acne, especially in people with darker skin.

How is acne treated?

Acne is typically treated with topical creams and ointments purchased over the counter. These are usually aimed at taming greasy skin and drying up pustules. A person with more serious acne may be treated medically with antibiotics to kill bacteria, and drugs to control sebaceous gland activity.

While there is no cure for acne, it can be managed successfully with persistence, the right choice of treatment and genuine care of the skin. The most successful treatments tackle acne at different levels. It takes good skin care, persistence and the right choice of treatment regime to manage acne successfully.

A good treatment regime for acne will look at:

  • Treating and clearing any current inflammation and acne spot
  • Preventing future outbreaks
  • Preventing scaring
  • Providing support for the skin
Because the causes and effects of acne are multi-level, the treatments may also have to target different stages of acne development and different layers of the skin.

CACI Clinic can offer the following treatments, depending on your age, skin type and extent of acne and any effects such as scaring the acne has caused. CACI Clinic can also offer treatments to minimise existing acne scaring or hyper pigmentation and uneven skin tone.

Acne Treatments include:

  • LED light therapy
  • Green Peel
  • Multilase (healing laser)
  • Medical Peels
  • Deep Cleanse facials